It's must reading for any taxpayer hoping to understand why the $182 billion "rescue" of what was once the world's largest insurer still ranks as the most troubling episode of the financial disaster. And it couldn't have come at a more pivotal moment.
Many in Washington want to give more regulatory power to the Federal Reserve Board, the banking regulator that orchestrated the A.I.G. bailout. Through this prism, the actions taken in the deal by Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner, who was president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York at the time, grow curiouser and curiouser.
Of special note in the report: the Fed failed to develop a workable rescue plan when A.I.G., swamped by demands that it pay off huge insurance contracts that it couldn't make good on as the economy tanked, began to sink. The report takes the Fed to task as refusing to use its power and prestige to wrestle concessions from A.I.G.'s big, sophisticated and well-heeled trading partners when the government itself had to pay off the contracts.
The Fed, under Mr. Geithner's direction, caved in to A.I.G.'s counterparties, giving them 100 cents on the dollar for positions that would have been worth far less if A.I.G. had defaulted. Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch, Société Générale and other banks were in the group that got full value for their contracts when many others were accepting fire-sale prices.
On the question of whether this payout was what the report describes as a "backdoor bailout" of A.I.G.'s counterparties, Mr. Barofsky concluded: "The very design of the federal assistance to A.I.G. was that tens of billions of dollars of government money was funneled inexorably and directly to A.I.G.'s counterparties." The report noted that this was money the banks might not otherwise have received had A.I.G. gone belly-up.
The report zaps Fed claims that identifying banks that benefited from taxpayer largess would have dire consequences. Fed officials had refused to disclose the identities of the counterparties or details of the payments, warning "that disclosure of the names would undermine A.I.G.'s stability, the privacy and business interests of the counterparties, and the stability of the markets," the report said.
When the parties were named, "the sky did not fall," the report said.
Finally, Mr. Barofsky pokes holes in arguments made repeatedly over the past 14 months by Goldman Sachs, A.I.G.'s largest trading partner and recipient of $12.9 billion in taxpayer money in the bailout, that it had faced no material risk in an A.I.G. default — that, in effect, had A.I.G. cratered, Goldman wouldn't have suffered damage.
In short, there's an awful lot jammed into this 36-page report.
Read the entire NYT article.